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Hadith on Talaq in Anger: The Best Explanation

Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of the hadith on talaq in anger? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That's why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end! This is one of the important discussions about talaq in Islam.

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Specifically, there are two hadiths on talaq in anger which I will explain in this article. The two hadiths that I mean and their explanations are as follows:

First Hadith on Talaq in Anger

The first hadith on talaq in anger is the hadith narrated by Aisha bint Abu Bakr. She was one of the wives of the Prophet Muhammad. The hadith I mean is as follows:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ قَالَ : لَا طَلَاقَ وَلَا عَتَاقَ فِي إِغْلَاقٍ

From Aisha radliyallahu anha, that the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, "There is no talaq and freeing (freeing slaves) in a closed state."

All readers! That is the first hadith on talaq in anger that we must understand. There is one important thing about the hadith that I want to explain here, that there is a difference of opinion about the meaning of the phrase "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" in the hadith:

  • Ash-Shafi'i, Masruq, Ahmad, Abu Daud, al-Qadli Ismail explained that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is anger. So, talaq is invalid in a state of anger.
  • Some Islamic jurists explain that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is madness. So, talaq is invalid in a state of madness.
  • Several other Islamic legal experts explain that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is forced. So, talaq is not valid in a state of necessity.

If we understand the three explanations above, we can conclude that the majority of Islamic jurists are of the opinion that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is anger. So, talaq is invalid in a state of anger. So, in general, we can say that “you can give talaq in anger”.

But there is a difference of opinion about anger that can make a talaq valid and invalid:

  • If a husband is very angry and he does not understand what is being said, then talaq is invalid in such anger.
  • If a husband is very angry and he understands what is being said, then talaq is valid in such anger.
  • If a husband is very angry but he is still conscious, if he gives talaq in such anger, then the chances of a valid talaq are greater.

That is a brief explanation of the first hadith on talaq in anger narrated by Aisha bin Abu Bakr. As Muslims, we must understand that.

Second Hadith on Talaq in Anger

The second hadith on talaq in anger is the hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah. He was one of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad. The hadith I mean is as follows:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ : كُلُّ الطَّلاَقِ جَائِزٌ إِلاَّ الطَلاَقُ اْلمَعْلُوْبُ عَلَى عَقْلِهِ. رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ وَالْبُخَارِيُّ

From Abu Hurairah, from and the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, "Every divorce (given by the husband) is valid, except the divorce (given by the husband) which is closed in his mind." The hadith was narrated by at-Turmudhi and al-Bukhari.

All readers! That is the second hadith on talaq in anger that we must understand. If we have understood that, then we can conclude that all talaq given by a husband to his wife is valid, except for talaq which is given in anger.

That is a brief explanation of the hadith on talaq in anger. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that's enough for this article. Hope it is useful. Amen.

See you again in the next article!

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