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How Many Mustahabb Are There in Wudu? Read This!

Hi all readers! Are you looking for explanations about "how many mustahabb are there in wudu?"? If your answer is "Yes", congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that's what I will explain in this article. As Muslims[1], we must understand that. That's why I wrote this article. So, you must read it to the end!

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Specifically, there are several important things about "how many mustahabb[2] are there in wudu[3]?" which I will explain in this article. Some of the important things I mean are as follows:

What Is Mustahabb in Wudu?

The first important thing about "how many mustahabb are there in wudu?" that I will explain now is "what is mustahabb in wudu?". I want you to understand that first before you read more explanations in this article because that is the basic thing in this discussion that must be well understood.

There are two important words that we must understand well if we are to understand the question properly:

  1. Mustahabb.
  2. Wudu.

I say that because those two words are the two important points in the question, even in this discussion.

The brief explanation of the meaning of mustahabb and the meaning of wudu is as follows:

Meaning of Mustahabb in Islamic Law

Mustahabb is one of the terms that is very familiar in Islamic law[4]. The synonym of mustahabb is sunnah[5]. Mustahabb is one of the legal status in Islam[6]. Several other legal statuses are wajib[7], makruh[8], mubah[9], haram[10].

Mustahabb in Islamic law is the legal status of something if it is done then the person who does it will get a reward and the person who doesn't do it is innocent. In other words, mustahabb is a recommendation.

We can find this explanation in the definition of mustahabb below:

[11]مَا يُثَابُ فَاعِلُهُ وَلَا يعُاَقَبُ تَارِكُهُ

Something that the person who does it is rewarded and the person who doesn't does it is innocent.

Some examples of mustahabb in Islamic law are Tahajjud prayer[12][13], Qabliyah prayer[14], Badiyah prayer[15], and so on. Muslims are encouraged to do mustahabb if they are able to do so. But if they don't, they are innocent. That's mustahabb.

Meaning of Wudu in Islamic Law

We all know wudu. In fact, we've all done it. Literally, the meaning of wudu is clean and holy. We can find this explanation in the literal definition of wudu below:

[16]الوُضُوْءُ لُغَةً هُوَ النَّظَافَةُ وَالطَّهَارَةُ

Wudu in Arabic is clean[17] and holy[18].

The meaning of wudu in Islamic law is as follows:

الوُضُوْءُ فِي الإِسْلَامِ هُوَ اِسْتِخْدَامُ الْمَاءِ الطَّاهِرِ عَلَى أَعْضَاءٍ حَدَّدَهَا الشَّرْعُ ، وَهِيَ الوَجْهُ وَالْيَدَيْنِ وَالرَّأْسِ وَالرِّجْلَيْنِ ، مِنْ أَجْلِ رَفْعِ كُلِّ مَا يَمْنَعُ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ[19]

Wudu in Islam is the use of holy water[20] on certain parts of the body that have been determined by Sharia[21]. Some of the body parts in question are the face[22], two hands[23], head[24], and two feet[25], with the aim of removing all things that prevent a person from praying.

Conclusion

Now, what is mustahabb in wudu?

If we understand the meaning of mustahabb and wudu as I have explained in the previous paragraphs, we can conclude that mustahabb in wudu is things that are recommended in wudu. If we do all that, then it is better for us and we will get the reward. But if we don't do all of that, we are innocent and our wudu is still valid.

That is a brief explanation of "what is mustahabb in wudu?". As Muslims, we must understand that.

Difference Between Fard in Wudu and Mustahabb in Wudu

The second important thing about "how many mustahabb are there in wudu?" that I will explain now is the difference between fard[26] in wudu and mustahabb in wudu. I want you to understand that now because there are some Muslims who cannot distinguish fard in wudu from mustahabb in wudu properly.

Fard in wudu ( فَرْضُ الوُضُوْءِ or فُرُوْضُ الوُضُوْءِ ) is one of the important discussions about wudu besides mustahabb in wudu (مُسْتَحَبٌّ فِي الوُضُوْءِ or مُسْتَحَبَّاتٌ فِي الوُضُوْءِ). Fard in wudu is an antonym of mustahabb in wudu.

I really hope that you have understood the meaning of mustahabb in wudu as I have explained in the previous few paragraphs so that you can understand the difference between fard in wudu and mustahabb in wudu. If you don't understand it, you can read it one more time.

In simple terms, I would like to say that the difference between fard in wudu and mustahabb in wudu is as follows:

  1. Fard in wudu are things that must be done in wudu, while mustahabb in wudu are things that are recommended in wudu.
  2. Fard in wudu greatly affects the validity of wudu, while mustahabb in wudu does not affect the validity of wudu at all.

That is a brief explanation of the difference between fard in wudu and mustahabb in wudu. As Muslims, we must understand that.

How Many Mustahabb Are There in Wudu?

The third important thing about "how many mustahabb are there in wudu?" that I will explain now is general explanation about it. I want you to understand that now because that is one of the important questions in this discussion that has to be well understood.

In general, if we read some Islamic legal literature about wudu, we will find an explanation that there are 13 mustahabb in wudu. But this number could be much higher because we are advised to do something in wudu up to three times, such as washing our faces three times, washing our hands three times and so on. I will explain that at the end of the discussion in this article. So, keep reading!

That is a brief explanation of " how many mustahabb are there in wudu?". As Muslims, we must understand that.

13 Mustahabb in Wudu

The fourth important thing about "how many mustahabb are there in wudu?" that I will explain now is 13 mustahabb in wudu. I want you to understand all of this at the end of this discussion so that you understand what the mustahabb in wudu is.

The 13 mustahabb in wudu are as follows:

  1. Read Bismillah[27].
  2. Washing both palms[28] before performing wudu.
  3. Gargling[29].
  4. Istinsyaq (breathing water into the nose[30]).
  5. Istinstar (exhales inhaled water).
  6. Wiping all parts of the head.
  7. Wet the inside of the beard[31] (for people who have thick beards).
  8. Wipe both ears[32] with fresh water.
  9. Cleaning the fingers[33].
  10. Cleaning the toes[34].
  11. Perform all the pillars of wudu up to three times, such as washing your face three times, wiping your head three times, and so on.
  12. Perform wudu on the right side of the body first. For example, washing the right hand first. After that wash the left hand.
  13. Using Miswak[35] after wudu.

That's a brief explanation of 13 mustahabb in wudu. As Muslims, we must understand that.

Readers all! That's a brief explanation of "how many mustahabb are there in wudu?" and some important things about it. Do you understand? If you have questions, feel free to ask!

I think that's enough for this article. Hope it is useful. Amen[36].

See you again in the next article!

Cite Sources

[1] Muslims are people who follow Islam. The Quran is their main book. They are the people of the Prophet Muhammad. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslims
  2. https://www.whyislam.org/who-are-muslims/
  3. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zrxxgwx

[2] Mustahabb is something that was done by the Prophet Muhammad once or twice, such as praying Duha prayer or doing treatment using cupping. Mustahabb is essentially an action that if done gets a reward, and if not done there is no sin or punishment. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustahabb
  2. https://islamqa.org/hanafi/daruliftaa-birmingham/171502/the-meaning-of-mustahab/

[3] Wudu is a ritual in Islam. The goal is to cleanse the body of small hadas. Muslims are required to do this before carrying out acts of worship that require them to be pure from minor hadas. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wudu
  2. https://www.dudleyindustries.com/news/about-wudu-questions-on-wudu-answered
  3. https://www.arabiantongue.com/all-about-wudu-in-islam/

[4] Islamic law or Sharia or Islamic legal literature or Islamic rules, or Fiqh is a collection of laws in Islam that Muslims must obey. There are many laws in Islam, such as laws relating to Wudu, Fasting, Ramadan, Hajj, Umrah, Zina, and so on. All Muslims must obey these laws if they want to be good Muslims. Read more:

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/islamic-law
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharia
  3. https://www.britannica.com/topic/sharia
  4. https://www.oxfordreference.com/display/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803100012392
  5. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-27307249

[5] In terms of sunnah, it is the method carried out by the Prophet and his companions, whether in knowledge, belief, speech, deeds or decisions. Specifically, in Islam, the sunnah is everything that was quoted from the Prophet, whether in the form of words, deeds, or in the form of taqrir, teachings, characteristics, behavior, life journey both before and after he became the Prophet and Messenger of Allah. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunnah
  2. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zj36gwx/revision/2
  3. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Sunnah

[6] Islam is an Arabic word. The writing is إِسْلَامٌ or الإِسْلَامٌ. Literally, the meaning of the word "Islam" is surrender, submission, surrender, and so on. Islam is one of the names of the Samawi religion. Islam is the religion given by Allah to the Prophet Muhammad to perfect the previous Samawi religions. The followers of Islam are called "Muslims". Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam
  2. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zrxxgwx
  3. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Islam
  4. https://www.history.com/topics/religion/islam
  5. https://www.islamicity.org/covers/whatisislam/

[7] Wajib is something that must be done by followers of the Islamic religion who are adults and sane (reasonable). Wajib is absolute must be carried out. Read more:

  1. https://www.oxfordreference.com/display/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803120346473
  2. https://hajjumrahplanner.com/wajib/

[8] Literally, makruh is something that is hated. In Islamic law, makruh is something that is actually prohibited, but does not amount to haram. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makruh
  2. https://www.oxfordreference.com/display/10.1093/oi/authority.20110810105327428

[9] Mubah is something that is not forbidden to do, but it is also not recommended to do it. Some examples of Mubah are joking, performing wudu with sea water, and so on. Read more:

  1. https://www.al-islam.org/ask/topics/80051/questions-about-Mubah
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mubah

[10] Haram is something that is prohibited by Islamic law. Some examples are disobedience to parents, being hostile, eating forbidden animals, and so on. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haram
  2. https://argml.com/en/what-is-haram/
  3. https://islamqa.info/en/answers/10887/what-is-haram-in-islam-and-what-is-halal

[11] Read more: https://shamela.ws/book/12085/214

[12] Prayer (or prayers or Salah or Salat) in Islam are utterances and movements that begin with Takbir Ihram and end with Salam. In Islam, in general, there are two types of prayers: obligatory prayers and sunnah prayers. What is meant by obligatory prayers are prayers that must be performed by adult Muslims. If they don't do all that, they are sinning. There are five types of obligatory prayers in Islam: Fajr, Duhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha. Meanwhile, what is meant by sunnah prayers are prayers recommended to Muslims. If they do, they get rewarded. If they do not, they are not sinning. There are many types of sunnah prayers in Islam, such as Tahajjud, Witr, Qabliyah, Ba'diya, Duha, and so on. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salah
  2. https://www.islamic-relief.org.uk/resources/knowledge-base/five-pillars-of-islam/salah/
  3. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zhnhsrd/revision/3

[13] Literally, the meaning of Tahajjud is trying to fight or leave sleep. In Islam, the Tahajjud prayer is a sunnah prayer at night which is performed after sleeping. Read more:

  1. https://www.britannica.com/topic/tahajjud
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tahajjud

[14] Literally, the meaning of Qabliyah is that which is before. In Islam, the Qabliyah prayer is a sunnah prayer performed before the fard prayer. Read more: https://muftiwp.gov.my/en/artikel/irsyad-fatwa/irsyad-fatwa-umum-cat/1909-irsyad-fatwa-series-67-qabliyyah-and-ba-diyah-of-friday-jumu-ah-prayer

[15] Literally, the meaning of Badiyah is what comes after. In Islam, the Badiyah prayer is a sunnah prayer performed after the fard prayer. Read more: https://muftiwp.gov.my/en/artikel/irsyad-fatwa/irsyad-fatwa-umum-cat/1909-irsyad-fatwa-series-67-qabliyyah-and-ba-diyah-of-friday-jumu-ah-prayer

[16] See the full version and short explanation:

  1. https://www.alukah.net/sharia/0/119488/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B6%D9%88%D8%A1-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D8%BA%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B9/
  2. https://dorar.net/feqhia/236/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%AD%D8%AB-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%88%D9%84-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%81-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B6%D9%88%D8%A1%C2%A0%C2%A0%C2%A0

[17] Clean is an adjective that indicates a state of being free from dirt. Cleanliness is general and not directly related to worship procedures. However, it is still a must for every Muslim to implement it in everyday life. Read more:

  1. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/clean
  2. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/clean
  3. https://www.dictionary.com/browse/clean

[18] Holy is clean in a religious sense, such as not being unclean, free from sin, or free from something that is unclean, impure or hadas. Read more: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/holy

[19] See the full version and short explanation:

  1. https://www.alukah.net/sharia/0/119488/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B6%D9%88%D8%A1-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D8%BA%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B9/
  2. https://dorar.net/feqhia/236/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%AD%D8%AB-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%88%D9%84-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%81-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B6%D9%88%D8%A1%C2%A0%C2%A0%C2%A0

[20] Water is an important and inseparable part of the life of all living creatures. The human body itself consists of 60-70% water. Therefore, it is important for us to have sufficient water intake every day to replace lost water. Water also provides a variety of other needs in daily life, for example for processing food, washing dishes and dirty clothes, and cleaning oneself. Water is the only substance that naturally occurs on the surface of the earth in all three forms. Water is a chemical substance with the formula H2O, one oxygen atom. Water is colorless, tasteless and odorless under standard conditions. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water
  2. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zkd3rwx
  3. https://www.britannica.com/science/water

[21] Sharia referred to here is a synonym for Islamic law. I have explained the meaning in footnote number 4.

[22] The face is the front part of the human head which includes the area from the forehead to the chin. The face is mainly used for facial expressions, appearance and identity. The face is one of the most important parts of the human body and is the easiest object of identification. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Face
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/face-anatomy

[23] The hands are the limb from the elbow to the fingertips or from the wrist to the fingertips. Hands are a means of movement in the human body whose function is very vital for activities. Apart from that, this part of the body also has a structure that is quite unique and different from other parts of the body. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/hand-anatomy

[24] The head is the part of the body above the neck (in humans and several types of animals it is the location of the brain, the center of nervous tissue, and several sensory centers). In anatomy, the head is the rostral part (according to anatomical location terms) which usually consists of the brain, eyes, ears, nose and mouth (all of which assist various sensory functions such as vision, hearing, smell and taste). Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/head-anatomy

[25] The feet are limbs that support the body and are used for walking (from the groin down). The feet consist of several parts, including the soles of the feet, joints that work in an integrated system making it possible for the host to walk. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/foot

[26] Fard in Arabic is the legal status of an activity that must be carried out. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fard

[27] Bismillah is the short version of the sentence Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. The meaning of Bismillah is "In the name of Allah". Meanwhile, the meaning of "Bismillahirrahmanirrahim" is "in the name of Allah, the most merciful in the world, the most merciful in the world and the hereafter". Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basmala
  2. https://islamqa.info/en/answers/21722/what-is-the-meaning-of-the-basmalah
  3. https://iqranetwork.com/blog/bismillah-the-secret-ingredient-for-a-purposeful-fulfilling-life/

[28] The palm is the inside of the hand. When you clap, you bump your palms together repeatedly. Your palm extends from your wrist to your fingers. In human bone anatomy, the palm consists of the lowest part of the hand. This part is also known as the metacarpus or broad palm. In the palm of the hand there are 17 muscles that create the finger and thumb cavities, and are connected to the hand skeleton and tendons. Meanwhile, the bones in the palm of the hand are bound together by a base of ligaments to support finger movement. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand
  2. https://www.medicinenet.com/what_is_the_palm_of_the_hand/article.htm

[29] Gargling means putting water in your mouth, then swirling it around in your mouth, then spitting it out. Gargling is not just an ordinary oral cleaning activity. If done regularly and correctly, gargling can provide health benefits. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gargling

[30] The nose is a protrusion that is right in the middle of the face and functions as an organ for breathing, the sense of smell, and even the sense of taste. The nose also acts as a filter that cleans and filters the air that enters the body. The nose is a human sensory organ that responds to stimuli in the form of smells or chemicals in the form of gas. In the nasal cavity there are odor nerve fibers which are equipped with odor cells, around 10-20 million odor cells. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nose
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/nose
  3. https://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/nose

[31] A beard is facial hair that grows on a man's chin, cheeks and neck. Hair in the area above the lip is sometimes also grouped as a "beard" although it is more commonly called a mustache. A beard can help reduce the symptoms of aging and keep your face moist. Not only that, a beard can also protect the face from wind and cold air which can make facial skin dry. Oil glands in the skin also help maintain moisture. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beard

[32] The ear is the body's organ for hearing. The ear is an organ that is quite influential and important for humans, namely it functions as a hearing organ which is useful for the communication process and also as an organ of balance along with the eyes, joints, muscles and skin. The ear consists of three parts, namely the outer, middle and inner parts. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ear
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/ear

[33] Fingers are the ends of the hands which have five segments. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finger

[34] Toes are a number of fingers on the feet, in tetrapod animals and humans. Animal species such as cats that walk on their toes are called digitigrade. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toe

[35] Miswak is a branch of the Salvadora persica tree that is used to brush teeth. There are many natural ingredients in miswak which are believed to be able to maintain healthy teeth and mouth, including alkaloids, silica, sodium bicarbonate, chloride and fluoride. Apart from that, miswak also contains other natural ingredients, such as vitamin C, calcium, sulfur, essential oils and tannin. Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miswak
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4436748/

[36] Amen is a word in Arabic. The writing is آمِيْنٌ. Literally, the meaning of the word is someone who can be trusted. But the word has another meaning when said in prayer or after prayer. Another meaning I mean is, "Grant it, O Allah!". Read more:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amen
  2. https://www.learnreligions.com/ameen-during-prayer-2004510
  3. https://www.arabiantongue.com/the-meaning-of-ameen-after-dua/
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